Archive for dragonfly

The British Wildlife Centre

Posted in photography with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 28, 2008 by overread

Well its been a long while since the last update – a long while. Remembering back this first visit to the Centre was with a great group of fellow photographers from Amateur Photographer (AP) forums (link to the right) as well as this random chap that tagged along for the trip
— wait come back my adoring fans!!…..

Things started early on the day and it was a fantastic day for shooting; clear skies and bright sun. The only thing to block the light was the odd plane flying over – of course this introduced its own problems with controlling the highlights on the shots – very tricky.

As for the centre itself I have to say that I was more than impressed with what I saw; the pens were made for the animals and not for people viewing. This was the biggest difference between this and many other wildlife centres and zoos – one could visit here and (for example) not see a single otter in the pen if they are hid up in their homes. There is a feeding time for many of the animals (though for many its just treats – chicks) which will bring them out of hiding and ensure attracting a host of photographers to surround the pens at the same time!

There was also the atmosphere at the centre – not one of decadence that can be felt at many places that have passed their prime, but rather of a place buzzing with energy. Another difference is the hands-on approach they had with their dealings with the animals – on can even visit, see and stroke the resident barn owl in the main reception/eating area – and he does not bite (least he did not bite me ;)) – though upon this visit he was in his pen due to the season.

As for photography I encourage anyone with an interest in wildlife and photography to visit the centre – it accommodates photographers wonderfully and with the pens one can get very natural looking photos – plus one can get right up to the bars – which can effectively remove them from obscuring the vision of the lens. I would also recommend their photography days and hope myself to attend some.

But now for the photos;

Mostly all taken with:
Canon 400D
Canon 70-200mm f2.8 IS L
Canon 1.4 teleconverter


Ok I could watch foxes all day and still not be bored – beautiful creatures that they are:

f4, ISO 100, 1/1000sec
One of the first shots of the day and thus is a young vixen lazing in the sun. This shot has proved to be one of those where I have never been able to get a version of it that I am fully happy with. At the time of shooting I should have got more fox and less background into the shot – and not cut off her paws or backend.
Some alternative versions:

IMG_0011altered reds
For this edit I firstly used a saturation and hues layer and selectively desaturated the reds in the background areas (look at the tree trunk for a good idea of the reduction in background reds) – clearly the fox was excluded from this change as – well foxes are reddy. Though I did very slightly lower the global reds as well (-6) so that the overall boost to master saturation did not over represent the reds in the shot.
The fox though I also altered but right now I can’t remember what I did to him to change his colours (might very well have been a contrast mask used but I can’t be sure)

These next two are crops of the main shot which try to focus more on the fox, removing the large background areas and also trying to lessen the effect of chopped off paws!
IMG_0011 closer crop 1

IMG_0011closer crop 2
note there might be differences in sharpness between the shots – this is not due to flickr, but more because of different sharpening amounts used (since these edits were made at different times) and also because the latter crop only had one stage or resizing and sharpening whilst the others had two (since a lot of shot was cropped for the last version).

Right its time to leave the problem shot and move on to others.

f7.1, ISO 100, 1/30sec
Pure luck and nothing else – well that an IS! One downside of working in modes like aperture priority is that you still have to keep your eye on the shutter speed, in the shady area that this shot was taken the shutter speed has dropped very low indeed – without IS there would be considerable handshake blur and without the fox being dead still there would be blur from him as well. I was very lucky to get this shot at all!

f8, ISO 100, 1/30sec
A second shot from the burst that was taken – again very lucky that this came out at all!
Now this shot also serves to show as an example of how bars/wire can affect a shot and also how one can edit the problem away (in some – not all cases). If you look to the top left of the shot there is a hazy area which is lighter than the rest of the shot. This also continued on in a line to hit the side of the fox as well (though that has already been corrected). The method I use to correct this is to use start a contrast layer – and then selectively boost contrast in that lighter, hazy area. Contrast increases are typically very high to totally lose the haze and this can be risky as it can cause you to get a lot of noise generated by the big contrast increase. If all things go well though you end up with something similar to the shot below


Here you can see the corner no longer stands out against the rest of the shot – the wire effect has been lost. This does not work all the time, and one needs the bars to already be very blurred out of the shot in order to rescue it.

Another rescue method is to crop the shot:

F5.6, ISO 400, 1/1600sec
A rather sleepy fox on the hot day! High ISO is from where I was shooting a subject in a darker cage and forgot to switch back to a lower one for the sunny shot.


Well despite liking foxes a lot I ended up spending far more time round the otters on this trip (TPF members will probably attribute this to me being with the Otter King ;)).
One otter was quite determined to put on a show for us before feeding time:

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/500sec

f4, ISO 200, 1/1250sec

f4, ISO 200, 1/1250sec

Sometimes this is all you would get of an otter (if you were lucky)
f6.4, ISO 200, 1/500sec

f5, ISO 200, 1/1000sec

f5, ISO 200, 1/1000sec
Watching the keeper and bucket of food!

f5, ISO 400, 1/400sec
Keeping the ISO up to keep the shutter speed up (otters are speedy things!). This was a later day shot when the light was fading

Far into the end of the day (well around closing time for the centre) a group of photographers hung out round the otter pens waiting – for today evening meal was fish – and not fish fingers, but whole fish! For these shots I decided to try out the 2*teleconverter instead of the 1.4 I had been using all day – this was party out of interest, but also as the otters had retreated further back into the pens.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/250sec

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/250sec

You can see how much darker things have become with the TC; though this is partly due to dimmer lighting at this time of day as well in these shots. Not the best for an example, but it does enough to show that whilst results can be decent with the 2*TC one needs brighter lighting ideally (especially if shutter speed is to be kept up). For a rough idea the next shot was taken just after these two and in better lighting.
Also note that I had to focus these shots manually since the reeds were confusing the AF (even on centre point only)

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/160sec
Risky shutter speed there! Also playing with re-dynamizer again

Now this next shot is special – this shot was taken not with the 70-200mm, but with the Canon 300mm f2.8 IS L lens along with a 1.4TC. I got a chance to shoot with this lens (loaned from the Otter King) for a bit and must say that it impressed me greatly, even with the 1.4TC the results were amazingly sharp, and the viewfinder image was far clearer and brighter to see. It is much heavier though!

f4, ISO 200, 1/1000sec
There were a more shots taken, though at the time the otters were eating treats (well dead chicks) and a little bit hidden away.
Overall an impressive lens – just wish it cost less 😉


Yep Toads!

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/800sec

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/200sec

Sometimes its best to not be seen or heard 😉
f8, ISO 100, 1/200sec
I was actually just trying to be a bit more creative with the background and toad in this shot – the frog I never saw till I got back and put the shot on the computer

a crop of the above


A very lucky shot of this elusive creature – a water vole – having a feed on his feeding station – only got one shot before he was off and gone!

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/320sec

Snowy Owl

f4, ISO 100, 1/160sec

Red Squirrel

f4, ISO 400, 1/400sec
A tricky shot as he was running back and forth along the edge of the cage (you can just see it affecting the background areas) and his enclosure was darker than many, even on this bright day. Still managed one shot when he stood still for a second. Looks very different in his summer coat to their winter coat with ear tufts.


well its either a stoat or a weasel
f4, ISO200, 1/250sec
fingers were risked for this pose! *luckily not mine!*


Yep not even a listed species for the centre – a dragon(fly)

f13, ISO 200, 1/50sec

IS helps again – and this was not even taken with the macro lens (he was on a bush in a pen so I could not get closer)

And there we have it – the visit over – it was my first to the centre and it certainly won’t be my last!
You can also get a look at the shots taken by others on the day as well over at the AP forums here;
AP forums BWC trip
And the shots by the Otter King and a 7ft squirrel over here:
Attack of the 7ft Squirrel
ps I am the one on the right
Link to the centre website:
British Wildlife Centre

Link to the flickr set for this trip


Experiences with macro 5 – now with added Dragon!

Posted in photography with tags , , , , , , , , , , on August 30, 2008 by overread

This updated actually crosses 2 days worth of trips, mostly since one had macro tacked on the end of it and I never got round to editing the results till the second trip. Also this marks the point where I have found a fantasic place for butterflies and dragonflies – a field which has many of both (though mostly a lot of cabbage whites) which proved to be wonderous fun to shoot in. Its still tricky to get good shots, but I am starting to get more keepers and also getting far better at knowing when not to press the shutter. I have also discovered a real liking for using the 1.4* teleconverter with my 150mm macro – it provides that added boost to magnification which is great for smaller bugs and also for getting in close to the larger ones – and yet costs be very little in image quality and in focusing difficulty (the 2* was very hard to focus with).

To view exif data review properties of the thumbnails – exif not attached to larger versions

Day 1

This day was spent at a small steam engine mueseum and bird collection; inside the meuseum I really felt the lack of a fast short prime (or fast short anything) focal range lens – my 70-200mm was just too long even at 70mm. I had to use my kit lens and the flash in the end and was a little less than impressed with the results – this trip further cemented my need to get a good fast short focal length lens.
However outside I did get use use my 70-200mm for the first time in ages, though whilst I got a few good exposures and one or two decent shots the bars on the birds were too far from my lens and too close for good shooting – lead to a lot of lost shots sadly – I also found that whilst the flash is good for exposures, its also good at showing up bars – something to bare in mind later.

Taken with:
Canon 400D
Canon 70-200mm f2.8 IS
speedlite 580M2+Limiquest softbox

f5, ISO 100, 1/200sec
had to really boost contrast in some areas to lose the bleaching caused by the bars.

f5, ISO 100, 1/200sec
Ok not great, one runner duck gets his head in the way – such is the lot of choosing to work with animals.

But then I struck gold – as we left there was a small field and it was full of dragonflies – there were dozens of them. Sadly we were leaving and family pulled me along, I could have spent hours there just shooting. In the end though I did get 2 great shots.

Taken with
Canon 400D
Sigma 150mmm macro
speedlite 580M2+Limiquest softbox

f13, ISO 200, 1/200sec
not the perfect angle on the bug, but a decent fullbody shot none-the-less.

f13, ISO 200, 1/200sec
Great closeup shot – this was not a crop – this was me moving in closer to him. They were starting to rest up at the end of the day so were looking for perches for the night.

Day 2

A full macro day (well few hours in the afternoon) in the field I described in the intro:

Taken with
Canon 400D
Sigma 150mmm macro
Sigma 1.4 teleconverter
speedlite 580M2+Limiquest softbox

f22, ISO 400, 1/200sec
This is me really pushing for a greater depth of field with the combo – and also the flash performing really well – the shooting conditions were in a wooded area, so somewhat darker to start with.

f20, ISO 100, 1/200sec

f20, ISO 100, 1/200sec
Really luck with these two shots – outside in the brighter sunshine, but still pushing my aperture, though not as much. Again these are two separate shots – I tend to try to shoot frames as I move closer – that way I might at least get a good full body shot before they decide to fly off – manual focusing makes this possible – though idealy I should not do what I did in the first and chop off the ends of the wings.

f20, ISO 100, 1/200sec
Little moth comming up to feed – a shame that I just clipped his wing – its so easy to shoot and not look at the boarders of a shot with macro when you are manually focusing a point to be sharp.

f20, ISO 400, 1/200sec
thinking back I should really have taken this in portrate mode, which my battery grip allows me to do with ease, but when in the field the thought just did not occur to me (or chances are it did at the same time as the butterfly flew off after I pressed the shutter for this shot).

f20, ISO 400, 1/200sec
I was focusing with this more on the feeder than on the eyes – in retrospect I should have just focused on the eyes as I normally do.

f20, ISO 400, 1/125sec
Decent shot, but the grass is getting in the way of the details – almost unavoidable in this case, but it does detract from the end result.

f18, ISO 400, 1/200sec
Much better than before – no vegitation getting in the way of the wings.

f18, ISO 400, 1/200sec
Remeber what I said a while ago about getting one outstanding shot on a trip? Well here is this trips outstander! I got what I was after, a really close up head shot of the butterfly – with the details still in his wings.

As you can see this time I was really pushing my depth of field, yet at the end of the day the noise this introduced into my shots when viewed at fullsize was more than I am willing to live with – so its back to wider apertures and training myself to deal with smaller depths of field.