Archive for otter

Marwell Zoo

Posted in photography with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on November 16, 2008 by overread

Well got another free weekend so decided to pay a trip to a place I have heard a lot about and seen a lot of great photos from – Marwell Zoo. I had also recently picked up a circular polarizer for my 70-200mm f2.8 IS lens and hoped to give this a try at reducing flare and reflections off zooglass; however the day I chose was not the best for photography, the sky was a thick mass of cloud and whilst the rain held off for the day lighting was drab and weak over most of the day. Whilst this avoided me problems with highlight overexposure it did create the problem of having to raise me ISO in order to get fast enough shutter speeds (and even then sometimes they were not fast enough). My own taste with my 400D is to have my ISO at 200 for a standard setting, lowering or raising as needed, but ISO 400 is my general upper limit for raising the ISO whilst still getting me images that I am happy with respect to noise. ISO 800 is for emergencies and any higher is just too much noise for my tastes. Being in a zoo I also experimented with using my flash to give me more light to work with – with variable results.
The zoo was also in that pre-season state where many grazing animals were not on show and kept in pens and the overall feel of the zoo was a bit dead (and I don’t just mean few visitors which I don’t mind, but dead on the zoo side of things as well). I am sure that when I get a chance to return in better weather and in a better season I will be back here complaining of there being too many people!

Anyway back to the photos – I am sorry to say I can’t note which ones I used the polarizer on and which I did not as I was changing back and forth with it all day – suffice to say I learnt some lessons with it at least.

All photos taken with:
Canon 400D
Canon 70-200mm f2.8 IS L
Canon 1.4 teleconverter

For flash shots following gear used in addition to the above:
Canon speedlite 580M2 + Lumiquest softbox

Circular polarizer used on some shots – noted where remembered, but not all are marked.


One of the first animals you see (well at least of the predators) and the first I headed for. Sad to say that whilst they have a smaller section of their pen which they like to rest in which is closer, that section is also not that wide so you tend to end up with bars affecting either the foreground of the shot or affecting the background (in the worst cases affecting the both ends of the shot!).

f4, ISO 200, 1/160sec

As you can see nice and close, but clear bars in the background and you can just see an out of focus bar cutting right through the right eye and part of the nose in a line. This is the downside to places where there is a barrier before the bars as it prevents you getting your lens close enough to easily shoot between the bars – seeing this effect in the LCD on a camera is very hard to impossible unless its a very bad effect so its harder to correct in the field if you get such shots.

IMG_2128 no noise no sharpen
f5, ISO 200, 1/125sec

Again the bars are affecting both sections of the shot – though in context I don’t mind the background as much, but the foreground is being damaged by the bars – some selective contrast and saturation boosting has hidden the effect a little, but its still clear to see sadly.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/200sec, flash used

This was not the shot I wanted – I was at the time moving to try and get behind the cat as much as possible and shoot with a view to showing the cat looking out over the large grass pen through the bars – this was a grabshot as I was heading round – sadly whilst the cat remained still for long enough the bars (which I was able to shoot over at this point in the pen) rose up to come to block me from clearly capturing a shot of the cat by the time I was in position. I was also forced further away from the cat, making it a smaller part of the shot – correctable compositionally, but not easy for me to do with the bars raising up to create a barrier of lined haze.

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/40sec

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/50sec

Well exposure in both is nice, but these shots show one weakness of not getting good long lens skills – and that is letting ones shutter speed drop and then rely in on IS to hold up its end. It does so very well, but not if the subject is moving at the time! Motion blur in both shots just does not work as its not really conveying movement, just showing where I let my speed down too far to freeze the moving leg. I might also (and probably should have) used flash and a higher ISO in these two shots to improve my chances

f4, ISO 200, 1/100sec

For once a good shot – but no legs nor full tail! I do like the autumnal colours in this shot and its come out well in that respect – but whilst framing has removed moving parts which were a problem before it has now introduced the problem that I am just not close enough to the cat to get a full and proper portrait (without cropping) and I am not far back enough to present the cat as a whole. A bit of creative cropping to remove the left hand side of the shot might help this shot a bit.

Suffice to say the cheetahs have taught me a lot already from this day about shooting in much poorer lighting conditions.


The otter pen (from what I remember) at Marwell was small! That was the first thing that hit me about it – I have got used to seeing the larger pen and full pond that the British Wildlife Centre otters have so it was rather a hit to see otters now in such a tiny pen and with a far smaller pool.
Something else that struck me was that unlike the European otters in the BWC, these otters (Asian short clawed) were in a much larger family group in a single pen.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125sec

I didn’t pay him for that shot either (though I would have if I could have). I had this feeling that he was really expecting something from me and was rather disappointed that I didn’t have it! Might have been near feeding time or just him also not liking the dull day, however it does show well my feelings at least about the pen.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/100sec

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/100sec

One of my favourite shots from the day – after not getting anything from me he goes for a quick drink from the pool.
And now for some happier shots of them:

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125sec

All those moving bodies its a pain to try and focus on just one key point – looking at it now the lower left otter is where the focus is needed – but its landed right in the middle on a patch of brown fur instead! In brighter weather a smaller aperture and deeper depth of field would probably have helped save such a shot by giving greater depth – but with limited light the focus really needs to be spot on.

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/60sec

Risky slower speeds, but for a still moment its enough with IS as a backup. The yellows have also rather dominated this shot and I should re-edit to lower their saturation (especially in the shadows under his chin).


The leopard pen, for bars, was sadly worse than I found the cheetah pen, for these cats were in a very strong wired pen and there was wire all over the place – made worse by the fact that the pen divided into two so as to allow a mother and child in one section and the father in the other. So I walked away sadly with quite a few shots that suffered horribly from bar effects or from glass reflection problems; for whilst the polarizer did work very well there was just not the light to use it as well as could be expected. I needed every stop I could get – and I was also quickly learning that flash (at least with big cats) was not going to help at all beyond a little bit of fill – beyond that and one gets cats eye reflections.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/40sec

Really really slow shutter speed, high ISO and not a single bit of flash in this shot (though it does look like it). You can tell there is no flash because the eyes are clear and there is no cats eye effect present. This is mostly a result of editing done to the shot.
Its a shot of the cub in the pen and despite the bars in the background its one of the shots I rather like from the day due to that intense impact that one gets from the stare of the cat.

f4, ISO 800, 1/60sec

No flash again and me reaching for that “emergency” ISO gives you an idea of how dark the day was and how dark this shaded spot of the pen was. This I believe was the father who spent a lot of the day pacing around the pen. I was lucky with this shot working at all as I had learnt that flash was just not going to work for me in this case (it might work but I could not get it to work for me on the day) so a nice shot. Again we have that half way sort of look to the shot that I am starting to see as a pattern in my shooting where I go for a closer shot to the face (either to eliminate distracting cage parts from the shot or as a part of my general style of shooting – often both together), but lack the focal length needed so end up only halfway there.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/15sec

Really pushing even the IS now – remember with a 1.4TC is a 280mm lens I am shooting with at the long end – though I did have my monopod with me on the day I still found myself handholding for most of the time – though I did use it at odd spot and might have used it for this shot (can’t recall – its not stored in EXIF ;)). Personally I find that in such an environment with a light lens like the 70-200mm f2.8 IS (light by wildlife lens standards at any rate) one just does not need that support for the weight much of the time – I am sure that if I were using a much heavier lens like a 300mm f2.8 IS I would be using that monopod gladly!


Well the penguins make an interesting shooting experience at Marwell as there is a glass windowed underwater viewing point which (unlike a lot of others) is not fully underground – so there is a reasonable amount of light floating in from the open doors. Its not enough and I had to push to ISO 800, but it gives more light than in many others I have been in.

f5.6, ISO 800, 1/60sec – polarizer used

f5, ISO 800, 1/60sec – polarizer used

Well ok so I could have opened up a bit more with the aperture, but I wanted to be stopped down a little to try and preserve some details as well as to get some depth since I was shooting as close as I could with the lens (limited space inside). The polarizer has helped some areas and lost any reflects from light on the glass, but its again taken away more light – if I had had time I should have removed the teleconverter from the setup.
The other tricky part was he was mostly diving for fingers – childrenโ€™s fingers on the glass to be exact so every time he was there so too were the kids right up to the glass – made shooting a bit tricky. Still whilst not fantastic they are pleasing and very different shots.

f5, ISO 200, 1/160sec

This is one of my favourite exposures from the day – I really like it – but what I hate is the composition. set like it is we are focused on the backend and there is no empty space for him to look into – its too close a shot in the wrong place which is a great shame as the shot technically came out well. I should also crop out the out of focus head appearing on the left side.

f5, ISO 200, 1/80sec

f5, ISO 200, 1/100sec

These last two shots were taken right at the end of the day, when the sun decided to make a token appearance – however the last shot shows that I was not thinking sunny and the whites have been rather blown out as the meter got confused – though there is some details still in there and I think using tone mapping one could get more details out of the whites on the second shot. However what I should have done was to stick with ISO 400 and gone for a smaller aperture – there beaks are very long!

Yellow Mongoose

ISO 400, 1/125sec – data corrupted partly on the aperture (unless I managed f0.5!!)

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125sec

I think I might have used the polarizer for these shots as they were through glass – though they were also inside so I might not have. Anyway me being a little more compositional with my work – came out rather well I feel in both shots.

Meerkats (with contrast mask experiments)

What follows is a series of shots of meerkats where I have used a contrast mask (as mentioned in a previous post) to adjust the lighting in them.


Contrast mask edition
IMG_2018contrast mask
f5, ISO 400, 1/125sec

At first glance the contrast mask is a lot darker than the regular version and the light also appears flatter. However details are now showing up clearer in the eye, ear and also some of the fur areas where before the brightness was hiding them. I think that if I used a contrast mask to remove (either fully or partially) the contrast mask effect on key areas like the main body of its back I should be able to restore some of the depth of light without losing the gains that the mask has given me.


Contrast mask edition
IMG_2029contrast mask
f4, ISO 400, 1/200sec

Again we see the contrast mask doing similar to before – though the shot is not as dark as before there is still a noticeable difference. There is also the messy cloning of the background area where I have tried to hide up the large white patch – I still need to get to grips with the clone tool and its effective use!


Contrast mask edition
IMG_2009contrast mask
f5.6, ISO 400, 1/100sec

And for a third time we see that darkening effect, though this time I don’t think it would need further selective removal and rather covers the kat well. Again we also have the key areas like the eye now being shown in greater detail and clarity.

And now for a normal meerkat shot:
f5.6, ISO 400, 1/100sec

Once I master the clone tool I do want to come back to this shot and lose that white line along the top of it.
Also I should point out that I think flash was used for many of these meerkat shots, however for some reason Photoshop elements 6 is not registering the flash info in the EXIF data – its normally good at noting it down, but not this times and yet I am sure I used flash on the meerkats.


Though they had a larger pen than the other big cats (far larger) the tigers did like to rest on the platforms or pace the edges – so again I was met with a lot of bar problems again – this time though the cats were generally far enough back that the foreground was safe, so its just background areas that were affected.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/160sec

Should have used that polarizer for this shot! I think the sun just peeked out for this shot and its times like this I wish I had spot focusing so that I could really nail those white patches on the cat rather than have them blowout!

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/200sec

f5.,6 ISO 800, 1/125sec

Being cats some decided to spend the whole day in bed! Really glad that I got a shot of the eye looking right at me! Also I am sure that first shot is another where flash is not being exif reported in my elements 6!

f5.,6 ISO 200, 1/80sec

f4, ISO 200, 1/125sec

In both of these last two shots I used the circular polarizer to help keep my sky from blowing out – however doing so also preserved the haze of the wire in those areas. So during editing I used curves to deliberately blow out those upper sky areas (and layer masked off the lower white areas so that the curves would not affect them and blow them out more as well). The result is that the sky is now blown, but the wires in the background are lost. I am sure that some editing to blur the background could have been used instead, but I was not sure of a method that would give me the effect I wanted without looking fake as well.

Wild Birds

Well around the zoo there were a small score of garden birds darting around – often near the tiger pens – so I managed a few proper wildlife shots!

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/500sec

Best shutter speed of the whole day!

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/125sec

Those last two shots are pretty heavy crops from the originals so a little less fine details in them, but still decent shots for tiny birds!

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/500sec

And that was not a crop – full sized – he was a bolder bird by far (and must be that is the tigers pen he is standing on).


Totally forgot to get a shot of this little fellas name – and now can’t recall what he was but here he is

f4, ISO 200, 1/50sec

Nice little portrait of him – very centred – but still rather nice.

And that is it from the day, it was dull day, but not a total washout, though I do wish for one of those higher end cameras with better high ISO noise control — still my composition and framing will be the same till I change!
I also learnt quite a lot about lower light shooting as well as getting reacquainted with bars and all the problems they can bring – sometimes one has to put the camera down and just enjoy watching rather than shoot away all the time.

So its goodbye to Marwell for now – but I will return – even if some of the residents don’t want their photo taken



The British Wildlife Centre

Posted in photography with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on September 28, 2008 by overread

Well its been a long while since the last update – a long while. Remembering back this first visit to the Centre was with a great group of fellow photographers from Amateur Photographer (AP) forums (link to the right) as well as this random chap that tagged along for the trip
— wait come back my adoring fans!!…..

Things started early on the day and it was a fantastic day for shooting; clear skies and bright sun. The only thing to block the light was the odd plane flying over – of course this introduced its own problems with controlling the highlights on the shots – very tricky.

As for the centre itself I have to say that I was more than impressed with what I saw; the pens were made for the animals and not for people viewing. This was the biggest difference between this and many other wildlife centres and zoos – one could visit here and (for example) not see a single otter in the pen if they are hid up in their homes. There is a feeding time for many of the animals (though for many its just treats – chicks) which will bring them out of hiding and ensure attracting a host of photographers to surround the pens at the same time!

There was also the atmosphere at the centre – not one of decadence that can be felt at many places that have passed their prime, but rather of a place buzzing with energy. Another difference is the hands-on approach they had with their dealings with the animals – on can even visit, see and stroke the resident barn owl in the main reception/eating area – and he does not bite (least he did not bite me ;)) – though upon this visit he was in his pen due to the season.

As for photography I encourage anyone with an interest in wildlife and photography to visit the centre – it accommodates photographers wonderfully and with the pens one can get very natural looking photos – plus one can get right up to the bars – which can effectively remove them from obscuring the vision of the lens. I would also recommend their photography days and hope myself to attend some.

But now for the photos;

Mostly all taken with:
Canon 400D
Canon 70-200mm f2.8 IS L
Canon 1.4 teleconverter


Ok I could watch foxes all day and still not be bored – beautiful creatures that they are:

f4, ISO 100, 1/1000sec
One of the first shots of the day and thus is a young vixen lazing in the sun. This shot has proved to be one of those where I have never been able to get a version of it that I am fully happy with. At the time of shooting I should have got more fox and less background into the shot – and not cut off her paws or backend.
Some alternative versions:

IMG_0011altered reds
For this edit I firstly used a saturation and hues layer and selectively desaturated the reds in the background areas (look at the tree trunk for a good idea of the reduction in background reds) – clearly the fox was excluded from this change as – well foxes are reddy. Though I did very slightly lower the global reds as well (-6) so that the overall boost to master saturation did not over represent the reds in the shot.
The fox though I also altered but right now I can’t remember what I did to him to change his colours (might very well have been a contrast mask used but I can’t be sure)

These next two are crops of the main shot which try to focus more on the fox, removing the large background areas and also trying to lessen the effect of chopped off paws!
IMG_0011 closer crop 1

IMG_0011closer crop 2
note there might be differences in sharpness between the shots – this is not due to flickr, but more because of different sharpening amounts used (since these edits were made at different times) and also because the latter crop only had one stage or resizing and sharpening whilst the others had two (since a lot of shot was cropped for the last version).

Right its time to leave the problem shot and move on to others.

f7.1, ISO 100, 1/30sec
Pure luck and nothing else – well that an IS! One downside of working in modes like aperture priority is that you still have to keep your eye on the shutter speed, in the shady area that this shot was taken the shutter speed has dropped very low indeed – without IS there would be considerable handshake blur and without the fox being dead still there would be blur from him as well. I was very lucky to get this shot at all!

f8, ISO 100, 1/30sec
A second shot from the burst that was taken – again very lucky that this came out at all!
Now this shot also serves to show as an example of how bars/wire can affect a shot and also how one can edit the problem away (in some – not all cases). If you look to the top left of the shot there is a hazy area which is lighter than the rest of the shot. This also continued on in a line to hit the side of the fox as well (though that has already been corrected). The method I use to correct this is to use start a contrast layer – and then selectively boost contrast in that lighter, hazy area. Contrast increases are typically very high to totally lose the haze and this can be risky as it can cause you to get a lot of noise generated by the big contrast increase. If all things go well though you end up with something similar to the shot below


Here you can see the corner no longer stands out against the rest of the shot – the wire effect has been lost. This does not work all the time, and one needs the bars to already be very blurred out of the shot in order to rescue it.

Another rescue method is to crop the shot:

F5.6, ISO 400, 1/1600sec
A rather sleepy fox on the hot day! High ISO is from where I was shooting a subject in a darker cage and forgot to switch back to a lower one for the sunny shot.


Well despite liking foxes a lot I ended up spending far more time round the otters on this trip (TPF members will probably attribute this to me being with the Otter King ;)).
One otter was quite determined to put on a show for us before feeding time:

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/500sec

f4, ISO 200, 1/1250sec

f4, ISO 200, 1/1250sec

Sometimes this is all you would get of an otter (if you were lucky)
f6.4, ISO 200, 1/500sec

f5, ISO 200, 1/1000sec

f5, ISO 200, 1/1000sec
Watching the keeper and bucket of food!

f5, ISO 400, 1/400sec
Keeping the ISO up to keep the shutter speed up (otters are speedy things!). This was a later day shot when the light was fading

Far into the end of the day (well around closing time for the centre) a group of photographers hung out round the otter pens waiting – for today evening meal was fish – and not fish fingers, but whole fish! For these shots I decided to try out the 2*teleconverter instead of the 1.4 I had been using all day – this was party out of interest, but also as the otters had retreated further back into the pens.

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/250sec

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/250sec

You can see how much darker things have become with the TC; though this is partly due to dimmer lighting at this time of day as well in these shots. Not the best for an example, but it does enough to show that whilst results can be decent with the 2*TC one needs brighter lighting ideally (especially if shutter speed is to be kept up). For a rough idea the next shot was taken just after these two and in better lighting.
Also note that I had to focus these shots manually since the reeds were confusing the AF (even on centre point only)

f5.6, ISO 400, 1/160sec
Risky shutter speed there! Also playing with re-dynamizer again

Now this next shot is special – this shot was taken not with the 70-200mm, but with the Canon 300mm f2.8 IS L lens along with a 1.4TC. I got a chance to shoot with this lens (loaned from the Otter King) for a bit and must say that it impressed me greatly, even with the 1.4TC the results were amazingly sharp, and the viewfinder image was far clearer and brighter to see. It is much heavier though!

f4, ISO 200, 1/1000sec
There were a more shots taken, though at the time the otters were eating treats (well dead chicks) and a little bit hidden away.
Overall an impressive lens – just wish it cost less ๐Ÿ˜‰


Yep Toads!

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/800sec

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/200sec

Sometimes its best to not be seen or heard ๐Ÿ˜‰
f8, ISO 100, 1/200sec
I was actually just trying to be a bit more creative with the background and toad in this shot – the frog I never saw till I got back and put the shot on the computer

a crop of the above


A very lucky shot of this elusive creature – a water vole – having a feed on his feeding station – only got one shot before he was off and gone!

f5.6, ISO 200, 1/320sec

Snowy Owl

f4, ISO 100, 1/160sec

Red Squirrel

f4, ISO 400, 1/400sec
A tricky shot as he was running back and forth along the edge of the cage (you can just see it affecting the background areas) and his enclosure was darker than many, even on this bright day. Still managed one shot when he stood still for a second. Looks very different in his summer coat to their winter coat with ear tufts.


well its either a stoat or a weasel
f4, ISO200, 1/250sec
fingers were risked for this pose! *luckily not mine!*


Yep not even a listed species for the centre – a dragon(fly)

f13, ISO 200, 1/50sec

IS helps again – and this was not even taken with the macro lens (he was on a bush in a pen so I could not get closer)

And there we have it – the visit over – it was my first to the centre and it certainly won’t be my last!
You can also get a look at the shots taken by others on the day as well over at the AP forums here;
AP forums BWC trip
And the shots by the Otter King and a 7ft squirrel over here:
Attack of the 7ft Squirrel
ps I am the one on the right
Link to the centre website:
British Wildlife Centre

Link to the flickr set for this trip

A day at Whipsnade Zoo

Posted in photography, Uncategorized with tags , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , , on March 19, 2008 by overread

Well after the slightly disappointing trip to London Zoo I set my sights on another zoo โ€“ this time Whipsnade. This was far further to get to (3 odd hours on public transport) and also involved timing to get one of the very few busses that went from the train station to the zoo. I decided to set off on Wednesday 19th March (yah this is a late update) so as to avoid the storm that would arrive on Monday and also to avoid the tourists and general crush of the weekend โ€“ and of Friday (when the new cheetah pen was opened).
So I was up and off at 6am and the sky was brilliant blue โ€“ not a cloud to be seen and the wind was light, but still holding a little chill of winter (I was glad to have taken my mac in the end). However despite good train times, I managed to miss the bus by mere moments and so I had to fork out for a taxi, the distance being far to great to walk in any sensible time and especially difficult without map or any local street knowledge. After that little hiccup there was another โ€“ by 10am (or rather 9:40am) the Zoo opened; it was a cold day now I was not moving much and the sun was starting to hide behind the vanguard of the approaching storms clouds. That did not stop me having a great day out or from capturing over 1000 shots on the day (well really 3-400 odd as I use multi-shot a lot!)

All taken with:

Cannon EOS 400D
Sigma 70-300mm f/4-5.6 DG Macro lens
For settings save pic to pc and review properties


Basking in the sun and glaring at passers by; they were a wonderful poses and very still, but just too close to the bars to get shots without the bars being present. Further they were completely out of sight from the glass viewing area – defiantly a cat that you could spend all day watching to get them in the right place and a dedicated sit and wait day with such an animal is something that I have considered doing in the future.

IMG_0067 IMG_0086b IMG_0126

All is fine in the world – I have my stick!

These next two have in focus bars – the overall effect is not as bad on the big screen as it is on the small – but itโ€™s still bad enough.
Nice angle with the cat, but the light is in the wrong place – casting shadows over and hiding much of the eyes – the focus is also a little out
Solves some of the problems of the first, but without keeping the advantage of the direction of focus of the cat

The King!
IMG_0121 IMG_0117
Seems to have had a few clawed encounters in his time

Well from one big cat to another – and whilst one tiger was patrolling the boarders the other was content to laze around on the top of a wooden tower and doze!
Though the light was wicked to me and the noise was likewise mean, this is another shot I love for the look that I captured – though I can’t tell if its a tiger or a beaver!

Nicer light, mean bars still! But overall a nice shot

The next two were taken from up high on a hill behind the dozing cat – though for some reason my sky has gone green on me (something to play around with in editing later)
IMG_0491 tiger IMG_0505

Well next time I will spend more time photographing IDs of animals – they look so easy to remember on the day…
No idea what this is – but here it is, so kind of him to stand so still for so long – I got right down close.
IMG_0245b IMG_0251
Note that the last is not a crop, but a closer shot altogether – and one that I feel I will crop a little closer at a later date.

Flamingo – Phoenicopterus ruber
I was going to walk right by the birds – but I spied a chance for some good shots of these birds – and was well rewarded
IMG_0276 IMG_0308 IMG_0300

A display showing pinioned wings which are done to the birds when young to prevent one wing from developing fully – preventing flight and also meaning that stressful clipping of the primary flight feathers is not needed.

White Rhinoceros – Ceratotherium simum
Well I followed the rhinos round their very large pen, but they kept moving away every time I got down to shoot – methinks they were tired of all the camera attention, though in the end I did get some shots.
IMG_0143 IMG_0161


Nothing much really to say here – just 2 quick shots; but I found that the zebra is an interesting thing to edit in Photoshop – it really benefits from a stronger darkening of highlights than other animals.

IMG_0258 IMG_0261

Nile Lechwe
(the bachelor group)

All was quiet in the herd – and then two started a fight and another joined in – the fourth decided to ignore the others. When I took these I could have shot just above the fence, but I wanted to get lower down angles โ€“ a shame that the bars were not as out of focus as I would have liked.

IMG_0325 IMG_0526 IMG_0528 IMG_0529 IMG_0540 IMG_0543 IMG_0549 IMG_0550 IMG_0361 IMG_0359
Recently I also used the burn tool to remove some of the highlights caused by the bars – I think it has improved the shots, the bars are still there, but they are less noticable now

Greater One-horned Rhinoceros – Rhinoceros unicornis

Well a new arrival means that mum and dad are separated whilst mum raises the child. I could only get above shots of the mum and child – but I could get rather closer to them than I could the dad who was out in the open grazing – not wondrous shots, but something of the good zoos do with keeping bloodlines viable and alive.

IMG_0607 IMG_0622 IMG_0605
Mum > Dad > Baby

American Bald Eagle – Haliaeetus Leucocephalus

Nice pose – but bars galore!


I really regret not spending longer in this area, no bars at all, but it was getting a little cooler by now and I still had some animals that I wanted to catch on camera before the weather broke at last.

From where I was and using the 300mm end I got a few shots of this chap flapping, but in many I lost out on the ends of the wing.

The light was not helping and this shot took quite a bit of work to get to a suitable level, even for a webpost. Still I like the end result enough to post it, but I aim to get better next time.


I had to lay down on the concrete to get this, not pleasant and the end result is a little dark – a case where I wish I had had a good flash.


Nice and sharp shots, but the bars were unavoidable.
IMG_0676 IMG_0680


Well this is something of a pet-pain to shoot – I really want to get a good, clear, sharp shot of otters – yet they are tricky to shoot; Always moving makes them hard to focus on and they are often surrounded by people watching. Though the latter problem was not present on the day, the moving was and the light was getting very cloudy by now. Though I did find out that you only need one energetic otter to get good action!

IMG_0824 IMG_0840 IMG_0842 IMG_0844 IMG_0850 IMG_0852 IMG_0861 IMG_0867 IMG_0870

Red-tailed Kite

Well whilst I was about to photograph the wolves for a second time that day I noticed this bird flying high overhead. It was way, way to far out for my lens to get a clear shot of and at first I thought it was an escapee of the zoo – but the lack of the holders on the legs means that this is unlikely (as display birds always have these) so it looks to be a local come for a visit!

IMG_0892 IMG_0897


Well these I tried as handheld and they came out much like the first, blurry – I however did get one really good keeper from the set where I balanced the camera on the fence in front of me to get it.

IMG_1003 IMG_0967


Both the first and the last animal that I photographed were the wolves; though in both cases they were keeping to the back of the pen – a shame as they were just out of my lenses capacity to capture clear crisp shots – so all were a little more blurry than I would have liked. And though there was a section where the pathway was above the fence for viewing, it was almost impossible to get a shot without the background fence appearing and in many cases the top of the closer lower fence would creep into view.

IMG_0016 IMG_0034 IMG_0022
I have recently used the burn tool in photoshop over the lower section of these shots to lower the visablity of the bars – not perfect but a definate improvment.

IMG_0925 IMG_0924

And the final shot of the day!
IMG_1066darken highlights all the way

Me trying out blurring water – I found that it was really too bright a time for such a shot and that very early morning or late evening where there is less light about would be better for taking such long shots. In this one I had to darken the highlights considerably to get a shot that was not too bright with glare – but I like the overall effect captured.

In the end I had a good day and only left early before closing because I had run out of shots and the clouds were now rolling in, as was the erratic rain. So with tired legs I packed up and headed for the way home โ€“ this time not missing that bus!

Lessons learnt

1) Never miss your bus – its always cheaper than a taxi

2) A zoo is a big place and you defiantly need to work out which animals you want to see before you go if you intend to photograph them. Even then you can’t ensure that they will be doing anything interesting at the time

3) Bars can either be a blessing or a curse – a blessing when you remember your composition and a curse when you want a “natural” looking shot